1. Known as the activities of daily living, the CNA will usually be responsible for bathing, grooming the patient, dressing, assisting the patient with food and drink, ambulating, toileting, exercising, etc., all of which will be required on a daily basis.
2. Another of the areas that will be covered in a CNA training class as well as by the employer, is that every CNA should follow strict procedures to prevent the spread of infection in a healthcare facility by washing hands properly, properly caring for and handling contaminated objects, following proper isolation procedures and being aware and reporting on any areas vulnerable to the spread of infection.
3. Patient or resident monitoring and measurement including but not limited to taking patient vitals such as temperature, blood pressure, respiration, and pulse. A CNA will also be taught in CNA classes how to take patient weight and height as well as how to apply patient restraints as required, how to collect lab specimens, how to measure and report on the patient or resident’s condition, the consumption of meals, etc.
4. The CNA will be required to know how to perform the various procedures set forth in the procedures manual for the healthcare facility and will be supervised by the nurse in charge while performing tasks such as admitting and discharging patients, transferring patients, applying dressings that are non-sterile, the application of ice packs, etc.
5. A CNA will be taught in CNA training classes how to properly lift and move patients from one room to another or from one position to another. Proper procedures are necessary in order to prevent injury. Assisting with patient exercise will also be necessary in many cases to ensure that the patients or residents maintain musculoskeletal function as well as overall wellbeing since exercise in very important.
6. Ensuring that patient and resident living conditions remain in impeccable condition is another of the duties of CNAs to ensure that patients and residents remain as safe and comfortable during the duration of their stay. The nursing assistant should ensure that the patient rooms are clean, at a comfortable temperature, the furniture in the room and other odds and ends are neatly organized, getting rid of trash in a timely manner, ensuring that there are no objects on the floor or other instances that could qualify as safety hazards, knowing how to perform CPR or how to evacuate patients and residents in the event of a fire, etc.
7. Effective written and verbal communication is necessary for a CNA. This will enable him or her to effectively communicate with patients, staff, as well as family members. It will also ensure that the CNA knows how to properly document patient care information as required as well as take messages when he or she answers the telephone.
Other CNA Required Tasks
1. Being aware of and protecting patient rights.
2. Taking necessary steps for self-improvement through various educational and training programs.
3. Maintaining patient and resident wellbeing and safety.
4. Being aware of and following the healthcare facility’s policies and procedures.
5. Being aware of and following all safety rules as well as ensuring that ethical standards of care are maintained. The CNA should also avoid anything that would result in legal ramifications.
6. Being a team player.
7. Following proper post-mortem procedures as required, etc.
These are some of the general duties of a CNA that will be covered in CNA classes as well as learning how to properly perform these functions. This is a very rewarding career as you will be able to make a difference in the lives of those that desperately need care. A CNA training class will show you what to expect if you are interested in following this career path.